Bibim Guksu (비빔국수) – Create Your Own!

Naengmyeon with julienned carrot, perilla leaves, shaved cucumber, toasted sesame seeds and 1/2 boiled egg

Naengmyeon with julienned carrot, perilla leaves, shaved cucumber, toasted sesame seeds and 1/2 boiled egg

Bibim guksu (비빔국수), literally meaning ‘mixed noodles,’ is one of many summer favorites in Korea.  On any hot sticky summer day that erases your appetite, the combination of cold noodles, crunchy vegetables and, most importantly, the spicy, sweet, tangy gochujang (고추장; Korean hot pepper paste) sauce will bring you back in the right mood.

It’s easy to make your own version at home.  Cook the noodles, which only take a few minutes, chop up some vegetables in the fridge for toppings, then mix in a simple sauce that can be made ahead and stored in the fridge.  If you want to start with some basic bibim guksu options, here they are.

1) Noodles

Just like keeping a couple of pasta varieties at home for easy dinner options, I keep a few kinds of Korean noodles within easy reach.  Some of the most popular noodles used for bibim guksu that are also widely available in Korean markets are,

  • Naengmyeon (냉면) – The name itself usually refers to a specific cold noodle dish, which is a topic on its own, but it also means the kind of noodle used for the dish. It’s thin, dark from buckwheat (although usually the better the quality, the lighter the color) and has a distinct stringy-chewy texture from buckwheat and starch. (Picture above)
  • So Myeon (소면) – It’s angel hair-like thin noodle made with wheat flour.  It’s pretty bouncy if cooked correctly.*  It’s same as the Japanese somen.
  • Memil Myeon (메밀면) – Made with buckwheat flour and wheat flour, it’s almost too easy to eat if you’re used to the challenges of eating naengmyeon.  It’s also the same as Japanese soba noodles.  (Picture below)

*All of the above have relatively short cooking times–a few minutes at most.  If you want to make it extra bouncy, start with a big enough pot that will give enough room for noodles to move about.  Boil water over high heat and put the noodles in.  Wait until the water comes to a boil, then pour an extra cup of cold water. When the water comes to a boil again, taste for doneness (this may take a few minutes).  When the noodles are done, strain them and rinse in cold water to stop cooking further and to retain the optimum texture.

Memil myeon with julienned carrot, scallions, nori flakes and a sunnyside up egg

2) Toppings

Toppings provide the visual appeal and variety in texture as well as nutrients.  Vegetables are most common and a couple of thin slices of meat or fish are optional.

Basic vegetable toppings include julienned cucumbers, carrots, cabbages, and scallions, which are great for a cooling crunch.

If you are familiar with Korean noodle dishes, you may have wondered why half of a boiled egg sits on top of the cold noodle dish.  It adds white and yellow colors to an otherwise a red/green dish (from the spicy sauce and vegetables) and protein, which often lacks in this summer dish.  The rumor also has it that the egg, meant to be eaten first, helps to balance off the rough, high-fiber buckwheat noodles, although I couldn’t find any verifiable source on this.

Other common toppings include Asian pear, radish, perilla leaves, lettuce, and kimchi.  I also like toasted seaweed (a.k.a. sushi nori, or gim 김) flakes.

3) Sauce

Now, the determining factor in bibim guksu is the seasoning sauce.  To me, this is what makes it a Korean dish.  The basic sauce can be made ahead and requires simple, easy ingredients.  I usually make a small jar of it, which lasts for a few days in the refrigerator.

As much as I believe in exact recipes, I’m not usually into writing them.  Also, more often than not, especially when it comes to bibim guksu, my one-person portion of noodles tends to exceed what the noodle box instruction suggests.  This is another reason to go with a ratio – my basic ratio that combines the spicy, tangy, and sweet flavors together.  It’s good as is, but gives you a base with a plenty of room to experiment.

Gochujang: Vinegar: Soy Sauce: Honey = 2: 2: 1: 1

If you like it spicier, add more gochujang or hot pepper flakes.  Looking for a different kind of acidity?  Switch from rice vinegar to another vinegar variety or combine with fresh squeezed lemon juice.  Honey can be also replaced with white or brown sugar.  I usually use my jalapeno-infused soy sauce, which gives another layer of flavors.  Other common sauce ingredients include

  • Additional ingredients: grated ginger, grated garlic, hot red pepper flakes (고추가루; gochugaru), mustard, grated onion (be careful, though, it adds onion-spiciness and sweet flavor, but also comes with a high water content, which can dilute the sauce overall)

Some recipes include sesame oil in the sauce mix, but I like mixing in sesame oil (1 TBSP per portion) right before serving because I really like the strong, fragrant sesame oil coming through my bibim guksu.  Finish with a sprinkle of sesame seeds and enjoy!

Happy Summer!  Happy Bibim Guksu Season!


soy sauce     간장     (gan jang)

seasoning     양념     (yang nyeom)

vinegar         식초     (shik cho)


Author: shinshine

Shinshine (Editor, New York Bureau Chief) cooks French food in a restaurant kitchen full-time and Korean food in her tiny home kitchen on weekends. Her food adventure reflects her childhood from Korea, her daily life in Manhattahn, and her enthusiasm for endless possibilities of Korean food, which she shares with the readers of ZenKimchi Food Journal as well as her own blog www.shinshine.com. With her understanding of Korean and American cultures, culinary trends and languages, she has also written about Korean food scenes in New York and food trends of Manhattan for Korean publications, and translated for the Korean food dictionary project.

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  • lisad

    I always love your posts Shinshine – so informative and so tasty! It helps so much that you include both the Hangeul and the Romanization in addition to the translated definition of dishes and ingredients. Thank you!! If you’re ever looking for a subject, I’d love to know more about the different mixtures of fillings for mandu and different cooking methods (like the steamed buns vs won ton-like wrappers).

  • http://www.shinshine.com/ Shin

    Thank you Lisad for your comment and suggestion! Mandu is now on my list. ^_^

  • http://www.koreaforniancooking.com/ Tammy

    I love mix and match food! : )

  • http://www.shinshine.com/ Shin

    Thank you Tammy! Mix & Match = More freedom in the kitchen!

  • https://twitter.com/RoseyWinter Esther Cotton

    OMG YES! this is what i’ve been craving all week! i was eating bibim nangmyun… wishing it was bibim guksu! lol~

  • Pingback: Korean Chicken Giblets with Gochujang Sauce Recipe | ZenKimchi Korean Food Journal()

  • Pingback: ZenKimchi’s Korean Food Year in Review 2010 | ZenKimchi Korean Food Journal()

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